Anthropology 2100 Lecture : Minoan and Mycenaean Civilization and the Development of Complexity in Europe.docx
Minoan and mycenaean civilization and the development of complexity in europe. Schliemann"s excavations at hissarlik had initial credibility problems and he organized the first multi-disciplinary team in archaeology in the 1870s that demonstrated that hissarlik was troy. It is an ancient temple in south eastern turkey dated to the late pre pottery neolithic a and b, ca 11,000 -10,000. Bp and it consists of 25 acres and seven stone circles. Only stone and bone tools have been found because at the time ceramics hadn"t been invented yet and the site was excavated between 1995 and 2005 by dr. klaus schmidt. Started as a small fortress and grew into a large fortified town by 2300 bc and it was attacked by the greeks ca. Has 13 royal burials with ornaments, weapons, and pottery that was found under a hittite layer with gold, silver, copper and bronze.