Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Folsom, New Mexico

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Published on 18 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2229F/G
Lecture 5 Part 2 Archaeology in the Americas
Cultural History: 1914-1960
o Focused on the first goal of archaeology: chronology of local
sequences and comparative sequences
o First real attempts by archaeologists to carry out investigations that
were seen in Europe
Stratigraphic excavations, new ways of dating sites
o Important contributors:
Alfred Kidder
Nels Nelson
o Pioneered ways of dating by using archaeological methods
o Also invented frequency seriation
Frequencies of objects over time, can get fine changes over
time
o Discoveries made:
1925-1926: Folsom, New Mexico
Used to belief that native peoples had only been in the
Americas for a very short period of time; about 2000-
3000 years
Bone bed of extinct bison found with stone points,
named Folsom points
Proved that people had been in the Americas for at least
10,000 years; broke the time barrier
Geologists argued it was at least 12,000 years old
Discoveries throughout 1930s there were several more
sites discovered with similar artifacts; confirmed deep
history in the Americas
Growing dissatisfaction with just discovering sequences in the
1940s
1960s wanted to find out how objects were used, what the
culture was life, what life was like, etc.
Wanted to see how cultures changed and why they
changed
A Study of Archaeology by Walter Taylor
Written in the early 1940s, published in 1948
Stressed that archaeology should be scientific, should be
generalizing
Claimed archaeology has 2 goals
o 1. Historiography
Need to place things in time and space
through chronologies and describe the
cultures
o 2. Comparative Studies
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Document Summary

Lecture 5 part 2 archaeology in the americas. Cultural history: 1914-1960: focused on the first goal of archaeology: chronology of local sequences and comparative sequences, first real attempts by archaeologists to carry out investigations that were seen in europe. Stratigraphic excavations, new ways of dating sites: important contributors: Nels nelson: pioneered ways of dating by using archaeological methods, also invented frequency seriation. Frequencies of objects over time, can get fine changes over time: discoveries made: Used to belief that native peoples had only been in the. Americas for a very short period of time; about 2000- Bone bed of extinct bison found with stone points, named folsom points. Proved that people had been in the americas for at least. Geologists argued it was at least 12,000 years old. Discoveries throughout 1930s there were several more sites discovered with similar artifacts; confirmed deep history in the americas. Growing dissatisfaction with just discovering sequences in the.

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