Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Mousterian, Sewing Needle

23 views2 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 25 Technology and Subsistence
As the skeleton can be structured based on need, so can technologies
Raw materials and weapon design
o Used to directly get resources
o Stone tip? Bone tip? Wood?
o What conditions favour different activities
o Stone the most effective for hunting
Rougher edges create more damage and bleeding
Shatter inside, more damage
Overkill to be used on smaller game
o Earliest stone tips don’t appear until Mousterian times in the Old
World
Nature of Tool Kits
o Diversity: number of functional tool types
Some have very few, some have hundreds
o Subsistants
Tools sued to directly procure food from the environment
E.g. weapon tips, spears, harpoons, etc.
Number of them in a society directly related to “risk”
Probability of resource failure or failure to procure
resource
E.g. hunting have higher “risk”, can fail
Greater diversity of tools away form the Equator
Fewer food resources because there is a greater risk of
failure to get food
Less risk near the Equator
Way to make it more likely to be successful is dependent on
tools
Tools for single tasks are better than multipurpose tools
Better at specific tasks, more likely to be successful
o Manufacturing/Maintenance
Used to process things or make other tools
Hide-working tools, sewing needles, etc.
Also more diverse away from the Equator
Designed for specific task, can carry out the task faster
Spend more time hunting, less time processing
Settlement Patterns
o Important to understand subsistence practices: often called
subsistence-settlement studies
o Pattern of how people disperse themselves on the landscape
o Systematic/cultural waves?
o Three aspects/levels of settlement:
1. Individual structure/activity areas
Smallest component of settlement
Shape, size, layout, etc.
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

As the skeleton can be structured based on need, so can technologies. Wood: what conditions favour different activities, stone the most effective for hunting. Rougher edges create more damage and bleeding. Overkill to be used on smaller game: earliest stone tips don"t appear until mousterian times in the old. Nature of tool kits: diversity: number of functional tool types. Some have very few, some have hundreds: subsistants. Tools sued to directly procure food from the environment. Number of them in a society directly related to risk . Probability of resource failure or failure to procure resource. E. g. hunting have higher risk , can fail. Greater diversity of tools away form the equator. Fewer food resources because there is a greater risk of failure to get food. Way to make it more likely to be successful is dependent on tools. Tools for single tasks are better than multipurpose tools. Better at specific tasks, more likely to be successful: manufacturing/maintenance.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.