Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Kent V. Flannery, Joyce Marcus, Algonquian Peoples

9 views2 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 27 Part 1 Sociological Settlement Patterns
Domestic Structures
o 75 100 m2
o Families or extended families the basic residential unit
o Independence from other families
Characteristic of bands chiefdoms
o In many societies, multiple families live together
Multi-family dwellings occupied by descent groups or lineages
E.g. Iroquoian longhouses
o Just because there are no multi-family dwellings doesn’t mean descent
groups or lineages don’t exist in their society
E.g. Algonquian peoples
o Ranked descent groups: some have greater status than other groups
Greater access to resources, etc.
o Structures can give us information on ranking systems
Differences in the structures: size, special goods, elaborateness,
etc.
When more important clans appear, more differences between
the structures (less uniformity)
Sometimes may not be reflected in residential dwellings,
doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist
o Largest dwelling: usually that of the leader of the society, or have a
larger living space in a multi-family dwelling
E.g. Northwest Coast
o Detached individual houses with multiple rooms
Rooms with different functional purposes
Don’t exist in classless societies, extremely rare
Males and females have separate working spaces within the
houses
Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus
Studying early agriculturalists in Mesoamerica, Valley of
Oaxaca
Largest structures are ritual structures
22 redundant structures, houses
o Bilateral structure: artifacts clustered in two
different sides of the houses
o Debris from stone tools, hide working,
sharpeners in the south; burnishing pedals,
spindle whorls for clothing, bone needles,
cooking/food preparation in the north side of the
house
Overlap in the middle
o Men’s activities and women’s activities on opposite ends of the
houses, continuous through several areas
Pattern goes back about 2000 years
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Domestic structures: 75 100 m2, families or extended families the basic residential unit, independence from other families. Characteristic of bands chiefdoms: in many societies, multiple families live together. Multi-family dwellings occupied by descent groups or lineages. Just because there are no multi-family dwellings doesn"t mean descent groups or lineages don"t exist in their society. Algonquian peoples: ranked descent groups: some have greater status than other groups. Greater access to resources, etc: structures can give us information on ranking systems. Differences in the structures: size, special goods, elaborateness, etc. When more important clans appear, more differences between the structures (less uniformity) Sometimes may not be reflected in residential dwellings, doesn"t mean it doesn"t exist: largest dwelling: usually that of the leader of the society, or have a larger living space in a multi-family dwelling. Northwest coast: detached individual houses with multiple rooms. Don"t exist in classless societies, extremely rare. Males and females have separate working spaces within the houses.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.