Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Paleo-Indians, Lewis Binford

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Published on 18 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2229F/G
Lecture 27 Part 2 Sociological Settlement Patterns
What should be found at a domestic site?
o Everyday debris
o Broad range of debris
o Redundancy
o Frequency
How many are there? Should be more than work areas
o E.g. Paleoindian Site: Thedford II
Arranged in a semi-circle, spacing is the same, redundant
Relatively small, 80-100 m2
Occupied at the same time
Most of the stone used for tools the same, but some was
different
Someone had access to different stone than the others,
different movement patterns?
Aggregation site, many groups gathered together
o How to find housing structures
Debris collects around the inside walls of the structure
Debris can gather around activity areas, e.g. hearths
o E.g. Archaic site in Brantford
Excavated by Paul Lennox
Overall size of 150m2
Evidences of a hearth in each structure
No evidence of specialized activity areas
Fairly large houses
o Can get similar patterns without housing structures
Lewis Binford
Found that at hunting overlooks, activity focused around the
hearth
Debris concentrated around the hearth
Big pieces of debris that are in the way are thrown
away, called the “toss zone”
Hearth size can be indicative of whether or not it is a house or
not
o Housing elaborateness
Greatly varies
Labour investment, size
Indicative of social class distinctions
Different levels of housing for different levels of society
More complex the society, the more complex the structures
More than just housing structures, appearance religious
temples, town centers, etc.
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Document Summary

What should be found at a domestic site: everyday debris, broad range of debris, redundancy, frequency. Should be more than work areas: e. g. Arranged in a semi-circle, spacing is the same, redundant. Most of the stone used for tools the same, but some was different. Aggregation site, many groups gathered together: how to find housing structures. Debris collects around the inside walls of the structure. Debris can gather around activity areas, e. g. hearths: e. g. Evidences of a hearth in each structure. Fairly large houses: can get similar patterns without housing structures. Found that at hunting overlooks, activity focused around the hearth. Big pieces of debris that are in the way are thrown away, called the toss zone . Hearth size can be indicative of whether or not it is a house or not: housing elaborateness. Different levels of housing for different levels of society. More complex the society, the more complex the structures.

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