Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew Of Kaimsthorn, Cognitive Archaeology, Practice Theory

16 views2 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 31 Part 1 Ideology: People and the Cosmos
What is Ideology?
o How people take the world and make it intelligible
o Non-subsistence/social things
E.g. religion, spirituality
o Cognitive archaeology
How people think and symbolize their world
E.g. Colin Renfrew
o Worldview
How to “see” ideologies?
o Exist in the minds of the people in the past
Ephemeral in nature
Hard to find hard evidence
o Often considered epiphenomenal and ignored by archaeologists
o If something didn’t make sense it was labelled ideology
o Archaeologists predetermined that ideology was difficult to see and
unimportant; so there was no point in looking
Why did archaeologists change?
o Rise of Post-Processual archaeology
Increased emphasis on the people-centered
Human agency: individuals (agents or actors) are
important and can have significant impact on society
through choices they make
Different questions being asked
Looking for meanings not laws
Acknowledgement that ideology/worldview can be a
significant factor in how people live their lives
Possibly imbued in all activities
Tools Embraced by Post-Processual Archaeology
o Practice Theory
Articulated by Sherri Ortner and Pierre Bourdieau and related
to Anthony Giddens Structuration
Social theorists
Way of conceptualizing human actions
Human actions are practices that are
influenced/controlled by, as well as influence/control,
social norms
o Choices are affected by the society we live in
Social norms (or dispositions) simultaneously act as
“structuring structures” and “structured structures”
Dispositions frame practices, which in turn frames
dispositions
Habitus
Conscious, daily practices
Doxa
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Lecture 31 part 1 ideology: people and the cosmos. What is ideology: how people take the world and make it intelligible, non-subsistence/social things. How people think and symbolize their world. How to see ideologies: exist in the minds of the people in the past. Why did archaeologists change: rise of post-processual archaeology. Human agency: individuals (agents or actors) are important and can have significant impact on society through choices they make. Acknowledgement that ideology/worldview can be a significant factor in how people live their lives. Tools embraced by post-processual archaeology: practice theory. Articulated by sherri ortner and pierre bourdieau and related to anthony giddens structuration. Human actions are practices that are influenced/controlled by, as well as influence/control, social norms: choices are affected by the society we live in. Social norms (or dispositions) simultaneously act as. Dispositions frame practices, which in turn frames dispositions. Unconscious understandings of how the world works.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.