Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Semiotics, James Deetz, Henry Glassie

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Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 31 Part 2 Ideology: People and the Cosmos
o Semiotics
Study relationships between symbols and meanings
Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913)
Father of modern linguistics
Sign (symbol) Signifier (what it is) Signified (what it
means)
Meanings can change over time
Presence/absence of symbols important
E.g. Study of 2 generations of Irish sites in Ontario
Immigrant farmers
First generation
o No obvious Irish symbols
Second generation
o Shamrock plates
o Visible reassertion of Irish heritage/ethnicity
o Major ways to see ideology
Direct-historical approach
Based on premise that you can connect present-to-ast
ideas/practices based on direct historical connection of
people
o Continuation of passed on traditions/knowledge
o More reliable with historic records
o Worldviews: cognitive framework that
encompasses the entirety and position of an
individual or societies’ knowledge; making sense
of the world
Worldviews
o James Deetz
Father of North American historical
archaeology
o Henry Glassie
Architectural folklorist
o Articulated how worldviews can be seen through
many aspects of life
o Medieval: pre-1714
Sometimes referred to as colonial
More organic view of the world
Organized religion important
o Georgian: 1714-1830
Renaissance revival
Importance of the individual
Control over nature
Appearing proper
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