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Anthropology 1020E: Cultural Anthro.docx

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Western University
Anthropology 1020E
Andrew Walsh

Family and Identity WS: Finishing up with patterns of family relations, Identity: Who are you? -what makes us as individuals in relation to others -focus only on pp. 266-270, re. the work of Paul Farmer For Monday: for exam: real all chapters 1-6 and pages 266-270 on chapter 7 (Paul Farmer) -movie on Monday: take notes, its on exam -BL, SL: American kinship (1968) -focuses on classic case studies of patterns of families, and how we can use these in comparison with one another to understand the way humans relate to one another as family/kin -these studies are well used in the study of other people (Chinese farmers, Trobrianders gatherers) -we’re trying to make sense of the way other people organize their families, the assumption being we organize ourselves ‘normally’ -thought that we have evolved the most, so we’re the correct one -we view kinships as the biological way we are related -fits with a rational thought Schinieder: upset with this approach, upset at the way -patterns of family relations in the United states, he applied this method to the united states instead of Trobriand islanders and so on -described the idea that Americans in the 1960 understand relatedness to be primarily about shard biogenetic stuff -not just about genes and genetics but also about the way we talk about families -blood relative: biological relationship, someone adopted is not a blood relative -blood in our bodies is the same blood we share with our parents: metaphor, blood is just a substance, we have different blood types -we all see through the particular lens we’re raised with, assumptions and so on -consanguine kin: blood relatives bs: fictive: not real, less real ws: how have new reproductive technologies added to our understandings of relatedness? -surrogacy, in-vitro fertilization ws: and yet in many contexts, shared ‘biogenetic substance’ remains the key factor -why does biological paternity matter? adopted people believe that some part of their own essence is related to their biological parents -also illnesses/ health connected to genetics, so knowing more about parents genetics matter for you in the presences, it can determine if you yourself want children MARRIAGE , LOVE AND SEX -avoid incest: universal taboo, but what constitutes incest is not universal bs: case study: 191-196 -carillo did research on why you cant convince more people to use condoms -ws: to what extend is your identity- who you are- defined by ‘patterns of family relations’ ws: -the cultural construction of identity (chapter 6) ‘of all products of our culture... our self.’ (p. 202) bs: what’s in a name? bs: cross cultural studies of identity -egocentric vs. socio-centric ‘views of self’ (205-7) bs: what differences are important to people’s self-identities? Family Relations BS -resistant to change, but does change (especially in times of crisis) -individuals- stories of conversion -ex: Madagascar: Christian evangelists: stories about how individuals experienced Jesus and how they completely changed their views (p. 149-150 ghost dance, 151-153 syncretization) WS -sapphire miners in Madagascar (141-143) -research about peoples worldviews, how they see world through their participation in mind BS -'Ancestral customs' in Madagascar -worldview that envisions ancestors (along with other spirits and God) as playing a role in ensuring the prosperity, growth and reproduction of the living WS -rituals focused on ancestors, ritual that involved ancestors, kings were important, but so were their ancestors -this all led to taboo, something you're not allowed to do -taboos: some inherited from ancestors, they didn’t do things because their ancestors didn’t or because they'd be punished by ancestors -nothing you cant do, in fact you could totally do it, but you CHOOSE not to do it -metaphors: ancestral blessing have a lot to do with reproduction, and production of growth -lost of it done by water (rituals) -water: important, sustains life for crops -rituals: done in pairs, coffin: half male, half female because both needed for reproduction -sacred sites: landscapes, geological places and so on -because they're sacred, here protected by taboos -place where they connect with their ancestors -ways that they reinforce what's significant: punishment -break taboos: you don’t break taboo, you break place, if people disrespect place, then place no longer can be used to connect with ancestors -ankarna: sacred site BS -place where they bury the dead, as time goes on, few people do this, but many people still come to visit -work hard to take care of ancestors, replace coffins -sacred ancestors will punish them if they don’t care for them -'conservationist' worldview: ankarna- became recognized for endemic biodiversity -implementation of conservation rules that restrict access -take nothing but pics, leave only footprints -neoliberal: idea that we should let market do things they way they want -regulating involvement of govnt BS -'touristic' worldview (155-156) -government changed restrictions so that people can go visit other countries easily BS -sapphire meaning (village of 400 to 15000) -miners: mostly young, winter money fast, now -elders: thought of anecdotes, youngers no longer concerned with it, they thought only of money -traders: learning to see the world differently in the world 0foreigners will lie about how much its worth so they don’t sell to expensive -worldview of evangelical Christians -'Jesus saves' Christians who arrived in the mining than in the late 1990s -public reject 'sinful' behaviors of miners -telling people that they have to do this, miners smoking/ prostitutes- sinful -traditional practices- praying to ancestors- all wrong and t
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