LECTURE 1 WHAT IS ANTHROPOLOGY?
“Anthropology has humanity as its object of research, but unlike the other human
sciences, it tries to grasp its object through its most diverse manifestations" (Levi-
"Anthropologists are generally thought of as individuals who travel to little known
corners of the world to study exotic peoples, or who dig deep into the earth to uncover
the fossil remains or the tools and pots of people who lived long ago" (Ember & Ember
"Anthropology tries to account for the social, cultural variation in the world, but a crucial
part of the anthropological project is also trying to conceptualize and understand
similarities” (Eriksen 1995:1).
"Anthropology is the comparative study of human societies and cultures" (Nanda &
“Anthropology is the study of human nature, human society, and the human past”
(Schultz & Lavenda 1998:3).
THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: has three main attributes:
WHAT IS CULTURE AND HOW IS IT USED IN ANTHROPOLOGY?
…knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits
acquired by man as a me