Lecture 3 WHAT IS PROGRESS?
"the idea that human history is the story of a steady advance from a life dependent on the whims of nature
to a life of control and domination over natural forces" (Robbins & Larkin 2007:43).
- Lived 2 million to 4 million years ago
Homo sapiens sapiens
- 100,000 years
- relied on hunting and gathering
- Began in the Middle East about 10,000 years ago
Age of Exploration
Began in the 15 century with the Portuguese
1488: southern Atlantic coast of Africa and went around the Cape of Good Hope.
1490s: established trade with India
1492: Columbus landed in the Americas.
1494: Treaty of Tordesillas (divided non-Christian world)
West = Spain
East: = Portugal
Then along came the Dutch, English, and French
Cape of Good Hope
Fur Trade in North America
THE EFFECTS O