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Lecture 2

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Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 1020E
Professor
Alexis Dolphin
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 2 & 3                              January 8, 2014 Lecture 2: Science As A Way of Knowing  Chapter 9 Today  ­ Science as a way of knowing  ­ History of evolutionary thought  The Anthropological Perspective  Key Terms:  ­ Comparative ­ Evolutionary  ­ Holistic  o Mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture  Anthropology and/of Science  Practice scientific methodology  ­ Laboratories  ­ Excavations ­ Ethnographic Fieldwork  Science as a way of producing knowledge  ­ IQ tests, intelligence and race  Objectivity and Subjectivity  ­ The traditional notion of science is that it is objective  ­ Humans cannot be totally objective  o Bias, expectation, politics, worldviews ­ Science is coloured by “subjectivity” o Must declare ones biases up front  o Be transparent about how have worked to overcome  ­ Humans all have opinions  Western Worldviews on Nature  Middle Ages in Europe  James Ussher (1581­1656) ­ Fixity of Species  ­ Antiquity of Earth ­ Great Chain of Being  When Darwin was working, he observed, built hypothesis, never in a lab, he was  observing situations and seeing patterns. Came up with natural selection  Chapter 2 & 3                              January 8, 2014 ­ James Ussher; religious man, early western European investigator of human  origins  o What do humans do, why they do it, why there is diversity o One creation event and after this point species have 
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