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Lecture

Anthropology 1020E Lecture Notes - Catastrophism


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1020E
Professor
Alexis Dolphin

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Jan 8th / 2014
Lecture 2: Science As A way of Knowing
- Science as a way of knowing
- History of evolutionary thought
The Anthropological Perspective
- Key Themes
oComparative
oEvolutionary
oHolistic
Mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture
- Culture, Biology, Environment
Anthropology and/of Science
- Practice scientific methodology
oLaboratories
oExcavations
oEthnographic fieldwork
- Science as a way of producing knowledge
oIQ tests, intelligence and race
Objectivity and Subjectivity
- The traditional notion of science is that it is objective
- Humans cannot be totally objective
oBias, expectation, politics, worldviews
- Science is colored by subjectivity
oMust declare one’s biases up front
oBe transparent about how have worked to overcome
Western Worldviews on Nature
- Middle Ages in Europe
oFixity of Species
oAntiquity of Earth
4004 BCE according to James Ussher
oGreat Chain of Being
- James Ussher (158101656)
oBishop
o“Investigator of human origins”
Through biblical interpretation
oHierarchy of living organisms
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