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Lecture 1

Anthropology 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Noam Chomsky, Edward Sapir

Course Code
ANTH 1020E
Dan Jorgensen

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“Language is an anonymous, collective and unconscious art; the result of the creativity of thousands of
-Edward Sapir
“A language is not just words. It’s a culture, a tradition, a unification of a community a whole history that
creates what a community is. It’s all embodied in a language."
-Noam Chomsky
Formal properties of languages
Social dimensions of language
“Un homme qui parle trois langues est trilingue. Un homme qui parle deux langues est bilingue. Un homme
qui ne parle qu’une langue est anglais”.
A man who speaks 3 languages is trilingual
A man who speaks two languages is bilingual. A man who speaks only one language is English”.
-Claude Gagnière
We do not choose our words grammatically
“He who knows no foreign language knows nothing of his own"
-Johann Wolfgang van Goethe
“The limits of my language are the limits of my world"
-Ludwig Wittgenstein
Is it possible to translate from one language to the next?
“To learn a language is to have one more window from which to look at the world"
-Chinese proverb
Proving a window from things outside the language, the world itself
Language shift
Indigenous languages
trying to figure out the position of people in any social situation
background of characteristics have to do with work people produce
gender positions (type of work done)
operate in 2 clan system
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