Anthropology 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Big Pit National Coal Museum, Biofact (Archaeology), Paleobotany

26 views4 pages
SEPTEMBER 29 2015 LECTURE
WHY DO ARCHAEOLOGISTS KEEP A BUNCH OF OLD BONES AND SEEDS?
Ecofacts
Environmental reconstruction
Diet and subsistence strategy: hunting and gathering to agriculture
Domestication: plants and animals; wild or domesticated species
Season of occupation: when it was occupied
Social organization: where people stand determines access to food
Ritual and beliefs
Ecofact Recovery
Screening: ensures consistent recovery of animal remains; dirt goes into a
bucket which is then run through a screen
Flotation: ensures consistent recovery of plant remains; soil goes into barrel that
holds water; plant remains will float to the top and go through a screen; heavy
soil will sink which is then combed through to look for more plant remains
Plant Remains
Paleobotany studies plant remains
Plant ecofacts:
oMicrofossils: too small to be seen with the naked eye; pollen
oMacrofossils: readily visible to the naked eye; seeds, fossils; less likely to
preserve; very fragile; preserved through charring and wet conditions
Animal Remains
Zooarchaeology studies animal remains
oBones, teeth, antler, shell insects
Teeth preserve well
Preservation depends on the environment
Identification
Modern reference collection: a collection of examples of known species so new
fragments can be identified more easily
oCan be divided by species or type of bone
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class