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Lecture 3

Anthropology Lecture 3.docx

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Western University
Anthropology 1025F/G

Anthropology Lecture 3 9/20/2011 6:33:00 AM Norms don’t tell us what to do exactly what to do all the time but do give us limits by telling us different behaviors which are acceptable in certain situations There wide spread agreement in a social group People should adhere to certain standards of behavior While norms do constrain us, (restrict us) they generally provide us with useful guidelines on how to act in particular situations. They accept your actions as normal Democracy: people have the right for some kind of say. Freedom of expression, freedom of religion. People of our society shouldn’t necessarily be constrained. Shouldn’t be interfering with other people’s freedoms. Collective Understandings: Knowledge (often conscious that allows us to interpret one another’s behavior. There’s no necessary connection between the motion itself and the meaning we attach to it (arbitrary relationship) The member so many cultural traditions share ideas about the existence of people and what the relations are to each other. In different societies people have different ideas about how different people are related to each other The sister of your mother and sister of your father are not necessarily your aunt in certain societies. People have different opinions of what is a healthy and satisfying meal There are societies where people believe the ghosts of their ancestors have an active role in peoples lives Animals have spirits, or there is a single god Time spent versus time wasted? Norms are guidelines for behavior Cultural knowledge does influence behavior but there are some exceptions. It does provide boundaries to behavior but its not a direct set of instructions Cultural knowledge does influence behavior but not necessarily directly. Field Methods: Participate Culture shock: new situation and then having to adapt to it Assignment: No bibliography. Not a research paper, do not have to avoid using the first person. Think above yourselves and cultural assumptions Experiences with other cultures If you go over two pages, make sure every word counts. Double space, 12 pnt font. About 1200 words, you can say “I” Lecture 9/20/2011 6:33:00 AM Essay: write question number in footer  Exchange value is not related to how useful something is  Money: some cultures don’t necessarily have a currency but they do have a medium of exchange: whereby they exchange something even if its not necessarily what someone wants to have …they trade it off to others Could be used in a wide range of transactions between goods and services  Standard of value: how much something is worth  Money is also a store of value  Portable form of wealth that can be used to purchase things  It should be durable  A store of value: some items: iron, salt, beads, shells, clothe, slaves, gin, gold dust, metal rods, brass bracelets, livestock and feathers  Money can serve as a means of payment  Not everything can be exchanged for money  D. The market principle exists where goods and services are mutually exchangeable at a price determined by supply and demand. A market economy exists where most good and services can be exchanged according to the market principle  You can have a market principle without having a full market scale or economy  Most goods and services have a price  Most people make their living by selling something on the market  The factors of production are allocated by the market;  Forms of political organization: a comparison- wealth, power, prestige  Max wever defined wealth as the basis of economic status and included things with material assets, land income etc  Talked about power (political status) power for labor was the ability to exercise ones will over others  Prestige- basis of social status  Authority and influence (two different kinds of power). Authority is the socially approved use of power, a
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