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Anthropology 1025F/G
Terry Webb

Anthropology lecture #1 – Wednesday Jan 8 2014 th For next week: Autobiography on an anthropologist • What is anthropology? • What do anthropologists do? Everybody interprets the world in their own way, every person’s reality is different. Typically due to your cultural background. The History of Anthropology – generally a test question th Herodotus the Greek 5 century BC • Wrote the first to write a book • First to apply comparative perspective • He discussed marriage laws, and death Ibn Khaldun 14 century AC • Culture is a characteristic of humans • Cultural is full of different things that all link together (like a pie) • Society is made of many different parts that are all dependent on one another • His work wasn’t translated until the 19 century th Imperialism 15 century • Finding a lot of people in the world but they are disadvantaged technologically • Ethnocentrism is the idea that we all believe the same thing within a culture • First time racial profiling and discrimination came into play th Montaigne 16 century • Exploring the world and finding different kinds of people – wanted to classify them • He developed typology – putting people into groups where he thought they belonged • If they didn’t fit into typology they must be deviants The Enlightenment • As a result of his (^) work; enlightenment came into play – use of rational thought to understand plants and animal, why can we not rationally explain human beings. Logical explanations • The beginning of the questioning of the bible. • Different stages of human progress around the world (western is more developed) Jean Jacques Rousseau vs. Thomas Hobbes • Defining the nature of human beings. • Thought that the only way to stop war like human beings was to have a government. (Hobbes) • Rousseau created the idea of the noble savage (indigenous tribal people) what ruins people is the development of civilization. If you left humans alone they wouldn’t become violent. • Rousseau studied with the carb Indians in the Caribbean and based his studies on the peacefulness of their culture. First to back-up his thinking with real data. Comte 17 Century • Subjected humans to scientific discoveries. • Used hypothesis to study human Edward Tyson • Did illegal research; wanted to dissect human beings • Found that there was a big relationship between primates and humans. • He would grave rob for bodies to test his research on. Montesquieu • Brought up the idea of environmentalism • You have to understand how the environment has impacted the human being • Their history and sociocultural framework developed who they were as a human being • He believed that humans went through a 3 stage process: o Savages – tools and living off the land o Using metal tools o Civilization – current Cuvier 18-19 century • Developed the idea of catastrophism because of creatures he found in the ground that are no longer around. • The planet
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