Only study the hominins that are mentioned in the lecture.
Nov 26 - archaic and modern homo sapiens, Steckley 8 and 9
Dec 3 - human adaptability, ethics and applied bioanthropology, steckley
10 & 11; Marks 13 & 14
December 11 2 pm EXAM
The exam is not cumulative. Concepts may inform what you do but it is
really beyond midterm. Non-human primates, hominins and some on living
3D fossil casts
Hominin = bipedal
It is ok on the exam to count ardipithecus kaddaba/ ramidus as just
Chrildrens bones have not stopped growing and have not ossified so they
are less likely to preserve as long as fossils.
Topeka baby- female ? Cannot tell the sex of those who have not hit
puberty so how can be girl. Xray of teeth were small so guessed female
but is not a tried and true method of sexing. We don’t know if older
species grew at the same rate as us so it is based on the aging of us
and/or apes but we don’t really know.
Taung baby is africanus but Topeka baby is afarensis
Paranthropus robustus and paranthropus boisei have no similarities to
australoithecines They lived for 1-2 million years, longer than we have
been around. But they are the branch of the family tree that did not
provide anything for our genus. One of the australopithecines gave rise to
homo genus but not a consenus on who.
EXAM - know why h. hablis and h. rudolfensis are separate species and
why. The difference between them comes down to the size of the brain. r-
flatter face, not as robust as hablis. Which led to h. erectus…. h.
rudolfensis looks more gracile and looks like it would have led to h.
erectus. Stone age - lower paleolithic (lower is further back and upper closer to
2.6 years ago...oldest h. hablis go back 3.2 million years but tools go back
Was australopithecines making tools? Some want to put h. hablis into
australopithecine hablis. No anatomical reason to put h. hablis into homo.