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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Advantages of Archaeology, It's Major Goals and the History of Archaeology

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Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 2Advantages of Archaeology Major Goals of ArchaeologyHistory of Archaeology y Advantages of having archaeology as part of anthropology o Time depthlongterm changesProves change over time easier to study cultural changesLongterm and shortterm changes over timeCausesprocesses of long term change are different that the causesprocesses of short term change o Overcomes biases in written recordsMaterial records usually unbiasedPeople making the observation are bias didnt try to understand other peoples usually demeaningLearn little of daily life of the people from written records not recorded usually only wrote about major events o Representativeness of information baseGeneralizations only as good as your information baseUp to about 10000 years ago all humans were huntergatherersforagersHave to be based on an unbiased sample o Why is culture the mechanism human groups have used to surviveHave to see how it arose in the first placeHow we invented agricul
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