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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 – Theoretical Orientations

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Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 8 – Theoretical Orientations  Modern theories follow a continue, very diverse views (two extremes) o Called paradigms: over arching framework about how the world works, different viewpoints on them  Two extremes: o Processual Orientation  Also known as materialist or adaptationist  Put forward by people like Binford o Post-Processual Orientation  Formed in reaction to development of processual  Also known as an idealist view of culture o Whole set of different views that sit in the middle, incorporating ideas of both extremes (whole continuum of ideas)  Known as eclectics or processualist plus  Use any kind of theory that works to explain the situation  Most archaeologists fall in the middle  Processual/Materialists o Believe that cultural variation, similarities, differences in terms of the “material conditions of life” o Role of culture is as an a
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