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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 – Theory and Analytical Methods

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Western University
Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 7 – Theory and Analytical Methods  Analytical/Reasoning Methods o Way to come up with objective answers o Allows you to figure out what is true  E.g. Radiocarbon dating, microscopy, etc.  Multiple Lines of Independent Evidence: stronger conclusion if you have more than one line of evidence that prove that your answer is correct o Better than having only one line of evidence, reduces likelihood of error  Scientific Method: allows you to prove what you have is right, way to overcome subjective biases o Used to apply specific theories to support or not support your position o Anyone with the same answer would get the same answer with the exact same evidence o Almost a never ending process; constantly evaluating or discarding ideas o Need to use both inductive and deductive reasoning o Evaluating the answers is far more difficult than coming up with the ideas o Test theories based on models o Models require hypotheses  If a certain set of ideas re true, then I
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