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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 – Organizing the Archaeological Record in Space

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Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 17 – Organizing the Archaeological Record in Space  Most methods for arranging things in time are derived from geology, chemistry and physics o Archaeologists borrow from those fields but have developed their own methods o Also have to arrange objects in space as well as time  Where does one cultural system end and another begin?  Units that we use for cultural interpretation have to be homogeneous o Have no significant variations that would suggest they are from separate groups o Homogeneous units = unit of cultural analysis o Not all variation is not dependant on culture o Variation doesn’t always indicate cultural variation, could be differences in site type (e.g. kill sites, ceremonial sites, etc.) – functional/activity variation  Variation is normal o Not always easy to distinguish the differences in variation based on cultural differences or functional variation  E.g. the Mousterian Debate  Significance in variation of sites in Europe produced by Neanderthals (stone tools)  By the late 1960s, archaeologist Francois Bordes, recognized 5 different kinds of Mousterian  Argued that variation was due to different Neanderthal
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