Lecture 27 – Social Forms and Society
All ideal the divisions of social systems are not necessarily completely true,
variations within each
Archaeologists interested in changes of social forms
o Population growth precedes social hierarchy? Stratification
encourages population growth?
o How is that complex chiefdoms led to the creation of ancient states?
Questions to ask about sociological change
o What kinds of social groups occupied sites? What kind of social
groups were present?
Nuclear family? Extended family?
Descent groups like lineages and clans?
Ranked clans or lineages?
o Status differences
Were there marked social differences?
Achieved status or ascribed status?
Based on age and sex?
o What kinds of activities were carried out by individuals?
Were there specialists? Jack-of-all-trades?
Are they craft, economic or religious specialists?
Full-time or part-time?
o Sexual division in division of labour
Particular concepts for what is appropriate for men and
How was labour organized?
How mobile were the people?
Sedentary or nomadic?
o Population Size and Density
How the people might be organized
o Exchange Systems
Introduce exchange systems to co