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Lecture 26 Part 4 – Sociological Organization: Early/Ancient States

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Western University
Anthropology 2229F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 26 Part 4 – Sociological Organization: Early/Ancient States  Early/Ancient States o Agriculture  Large cultivated areas, irrigation, etc. o Large size (10,000s)  More people, new ways to organize the people  Can reach 100,000-200,000 people  Very high population density o Not fluid  Have to be born into the group  Kinship, marriage, sodalities still exist and are important to organization o Territorial control  Defensive of their areas  Not dependent on kinship ties; but descent is still important  Have to follow the rules of the controlled area  Have to follow the rules of the central administration even if you weren’t born into it o Non-egalitarian  Divided into socio-political and socio-economic classes  Very rigid social classes  Aristocracy  working class  masses  Marked status differences  Distinctions based on property, private property becoming more common  Wealthier have more property; e.g. villas, palaces, etc.  Ascribed leadership  Born into leadership role  Kings or queens, central decision makers  Groomed to be the leader  Birth right enforced by belief that they are descended from the gods o God-given right to them at birth  Leaders always have complete control and authority
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