Anthropology 2231F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Barracuda, Newark Earthworks, Pan Flute

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Published on 13 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2231F/G
Lecture 9 Part 2 Middle Woodland in Eastern North America: 200 BC 800
AD (2200 1200 BP)
Defined mostly by particular styles of pottery, development of sedentary
lifestyles, great regional variability
Hopewell 100 BC 400 AD
o Southern Ohio Hopewell, also an Illinois Hopewell (often referred to
as Havana)
o Took trading to the extreme? Large interaction sphere
o Traits:
1. Elaborate earthworks
2. Elaborate artifacts used in ceremonial and burial rites
o Artifacts Distinctive of Ohio Hopewell:
1. Pottery
Zoned pottery: surface of the pot broken down in
different zones with certain decorations
Decoration is largely stamped, commonly carved to give
it a more elaborate design
Dentate stamps: toothed, carved stamps that were like
combs with short projections
Rocker stamped: took linear stamp and rocked it down
the pot and got a zigzag pattern
2. Human figurines
Clay
Showed various headdresses, ear spools, etc.
3. Exchange of Native Copper
Ceremonial or decorative effigies
Had to come from Wisconsin or northern Michigan
Fairly large quantities, relatively pure forms
Annealing: heated at low temperatures, pounded into
sheets and then cut into shapes
o Holes punctured for jewelry or sewn onto
clothing
Made into:
o Large breastplates, worn by certain individuals
o Bracelets
o Ear spools, ceremonial objects
o Panpipes not for smoking, wrapped around
reeds, very distinctive of Hopewell
Can also be made in native silver
4. Mica
Carved shapes into the sheets
5. Grizzly Bear Teeth (Canines)
Embedded with freshwater pearls
Perforated to be worn
Had to have come from the Rockies
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Document Summary

Lecture 9 part 2 middle woodland in eastern north america: 200 bc 800. Defined mostly by particular styles of pottery, development of sedentary. Ad (2200 1200 bp) lifestyles, great regional variability. Elaborate artifacts used in ceremonial and burial rites: artifacts distinctive of ohio hopewell: Zoned pottery: surface of the pot broken down in different zones with certain decorations. Decoration is largely stamped, commonly carved to give it a more elaborate design. Dentate stamps: toothed, carved stamps that were like combs with short projections. Rocker stamped: took linear stamp and rocked it down the pot and got a zigzag pattern. Had to come from wisconsin or northern michigan. Annealing: heated at low temperatures, pounded into sheets and then cut into shapes: holes punctured for jewelry or sewn onto clothing. Made into: large breastplates, worn by certain individuals, bracelets, ear spools, ceremonial objects, panpipes not for smoking, wrapped around reeds, very distinctive of hopewell. Can also be made in native silver.

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