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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 Part 1 – Late Woodland

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Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2231F/G
Professor
Christopher Ellis
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 12 Part 1 – Late Woodland: 500-800 AD  Most complex in North America (north of Mexico) o Other sites start replacing them around 1000 AD – Mississippian o Largely disappeared before the Europeans arrived, remained in Great Lakes/Northern USA region past when the Europeans arrived Major Changes/Trends of Late Woodland  1. Greater reliance on maize o Much of the maize grown around 800-900 AD was a more productive variety – Eastern 8 Row  Larger kernels and cobs o Very important to subsistence  2. Greater populations o Sites become very common, especially in river areas  3. Technological innovations o Related to the processing, cultivation and storage of maize o E.g. large flint hoes, improvements in ceramics (large bottles, stoppered/hooded vessels), larger and stronger storage vessels  Based on use of shell and limestone tempering: creates calcium carbonate – produces a lighter clay that can be made into larger, stronger vessels  4. Site size increasing o 500 AD: almost all s
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