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Lecture 16

Lecture 16 Part 2 – Pueblo I and Pueblo II

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Western University
Anthropology 2231F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 16 Part 2 – Pueblo I and Pueblo II Pueblo I: 700-900 AD  Also known as Initiation  Made with logs o Use dendrochronology to date  Pottery: o Pottery largely grey in colour (mainly on the inside)  Selecting different clays and firing clay in a more closed environment (doesn’t oxidize) o Introduction of “slip” to pottery  Covered with a layer of pure kaolin clay (no temper)  Provides a smooth surface, makes it easier to paint  Makes the exterior of pot white  Painted using black: called “black on white” pottery  Appearance of above-ground structures o Originally used as storage o Single story, rectangular o Had rooms specific for certain activities: kitchen, living/bedroom and storage areas o Made using “jacal” construction o Still mostly rancherias, not towns yet Pueblo II: 900 – 1100AD  Pottery o Increasing diversity and decoration, different colour slips, etc. o Appearance of polychrome pottery: more than one colour on the pottery o Wider variety of shapes of pottery  Structures o Switched to using masonry/stone for structures  Population shift o Concentrations of people in certain areas  Abandoned rancherias and lived in larger groups forming
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