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Lecture 15

Lecture 15 Part 1 – Great Basin:Southwest Desert Archaic

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Anthropology 2231F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 15 Part 1 – Great Basin/Southwest Desert Archaic  Canyon Heads o Often find springs there o Where most sites are found o Washes – after lots of rain everything get washed out Southwest Late Archaic & Early Agriculturalist  Introduction of maize o Came from Mexico, spread into the southwest o Developed new varieties for higher yields, withstand hotter climate, etc. o Once it was introduced, used it heavily, used less natural resources, transformed their lives, much less mobile  Earliest use: 3,200 BP  By 2,900 there was more sedentary life, based on growing of maize  Groups that used maize heavily: o San Pedro  Southern Arizona, discovered in the 1940s  Originally thought it was Archaic because they weren’t using agriculture, by 1980s they figured out they were using maize  Early, small agricultural villages, seem to be occupied year round  Made up of small number of shallow pit-houses with a hearth and small storage pit for maize inside  Also have outd
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