Anthropology 2231F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Pueblo Ii Period, Pueblo Iii Period

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Published on 13 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2231F/G
Lecture 17 Part 1 Late Pueblo II
Late Pueblo II: 1000-1100 AD Early Pueblo III: 1150 AD
Chaco Canyon
Time of considerable population growth
Additions to pueblos tracked based on changes in masonry and
dendrochronology
Pueblos tend to have ‘D’ shape
Huge organized towns: apartment style, storage rooms, plaza, kivas
Great Kivas
o Well planned, similar to older pit-houses
o Center of decision-making and ritual
o Large logs required to support roof
o Fire screen
o Recesses for offerings
o Vaults on floor, possibly for built-in drums for ritual
o Usually centrally located, had to be for the most important sodality
Meeting place for people from other towns maybe
Recognized status positions, but achieved
o Family
Most basic unit = family, series of linked rooms used by single
families
Families that live close together are of the same lineage; shared
courtyard
Unsure whether patrilineal or matrilineal
o Clans largest group, often exogamous (had to marry outside them),
links lineages together
o Sodalities
Membership decided by volunteering, or parents pledge you at
birth
Cross the whole section of society, not based on lineage
Formed to carry out specific duties, can be member of multiple
sodalities
Meet at kivas
Organized specific rituals, coordinating construction, govern
planting of crops, monitor irrigation, etc.
o Ritual/chiefly positions
Often called priests
Responsible for making sure specific things are planned large
communal activities
Achieved positions
o Burials
Member of certain groups buried with specific goods
Status positions unclear, must have been a certain individual
with responsibility to make major decisions
Inherited? How much status over others? Unclear
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Document Summary

Lecture 17 part 1 late pueblo ii. Late pueblo ii: 1000-1100 ad early pueblo iii: 1150 ad. Additions to pueblos tracked based on changes in masonry and dendrochronology. Huge organized towns: apartment style, storage rooms, plaza, kivas. Meeting place for people from other towns maybe. Recognized status positions, but achieved: family. Most basic unit = family, series of linked rooms used by single families. Families that live close together are of the same lineage; shared courtyard. Unsure whether patrilineal or matrilineal: clans largest group, often exogamous (had to marry outside them), links lineages together, sodalities. Membership decided by volunteering, or parents pledge you at birth. Cross the whole section of society, not based on lineage. Formed to carry out specific duties, can be member of multiple sodalities. Organized specific rituals, coordinating construction, govern planting of crops, monitor irrigation, etc: ritual/chiefly positions. Responsible for making sure specific things are planned large communal activities. Member of certain groups buried with specific goods.

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