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Lecture 27 – Northwest Coast: Pre-Pacific Period

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Western University
Anthropology 2231F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 27 – Northwest Coast  British Columbia, Washington, Oregon o E.g. Kwakwaka’wakw  Biocultural Diversity o Biodiversity and cultural diversity seen as a single entity o Lot of ecological diversity o 11 different languages with several different dialects  Complex Hunter-Gatherers or Affluent Forager o No agriculture or pottery  No maize, beans, squash, etc. o Had huge villages and complex kinship systems o Semi-Sedentism and Entrenched mobility  Not nomadic  Moved residences far less often, complex mobility  1000-2000 people, returned to same sites every year o Intensive Resource Management  Large amounts of processed and stored foods  Salmon, herring, halibut, clams, camas bulbs, Wapato, sea mammals, deer/elk  Salmon berries used almost as currency  Clam beds or gardens used to encourage clams to settle there in the calm water, thousands of clams there  Wapato: onion-like bulbs, women cut them with there feet in the water, but them into baskets  Ceremonial distinction of tasks, certain families for certain tasks, etc. o Household Unit  Society household based  30-100 people, as many as 20 families in a single house  Clans, lineages  From real or fictitious ancestor  North matrilineal, south patrilineal  Also based on time of year of marriage, etc.  Territory owned by families or groups  Took territoriality very seriously  Anything that washed up on shore belonged to the elite member of society, usually a chief  Basic economic, social and residential unit  Houses had:
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