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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 – New Paradigm in Forensic Science

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
Anthropology 2235A/B
Professor
Eldon Molto

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Lecture 4New Paradigm in Forensic ScienceTwo Key Developments Wedded o 1 New standards for the admissibility of scientific evidence in courts o 2 Scientific foundation and power of DNAChallenges to Traditional Forensic Individuation Arising from DNA o Moving from nonscience to science o 1 Discovery of erroneous convictions note that fingerprints cannot be used in exonerations o 2 Models for scientifically sound identification science genetic theory and statistics o 3 Momentous change in admissibility standards for expert witness testimony Daubert o 4 Analysis of error rates across the forensic sciences proficiency testing o No longer can an expert witness rest on their laurels as a scientist Must have forensic relevance and training eg Smith was a trained pathologist but was a terrible forensic pathologistDaubert Ruling Criteria 1993 o 1 Theory or technique used by expert can be or has been tested o 2 Theory or technique subjected to peer review and publication o 3 The know
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