Class Notes (807,075)
Canada (492,584)
Anthropology (847)
Prof (2)

January 24, 2014- ANTH2245.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Anthropology 2245F/G

Language Ideologies Practical Matters Complete exercise about language 'beliefs' Language ideologies are simply ideas that people have about languages (how do you learn languages, which languages are easier, what language is prettier) This is knowledge that is not scientific. It is 'folk' knowledge that helps an individual interact within a culture. These ideologies are what makes our own culture's language. For example, it is implicit and unconsciously but it is believed that baby talk evolved because children need it to learn their language. This is NOT true. It is also not universal cross culturally. It is not needed. 1. English is more difficult to learn than other languages. = If you believe this, do you slow down when speaking to someone who is learning English as a second language? IF English is so difficult to learn, do you think of those that learn English as a second language must be smarter for having learned it? Usually not. The language ideologies do not translate into our behaviour patterns. Why is this important? This reflects upon how we study language ideologies. The answer is: it is relative. It depends on how close it is to your mother tongue and how similar is it. Studies show that if you are immersed in an environment 24/7 for three months where there is a different oral language (16-18 years old), they will be verbally fluent to live within that society. 1. Children should not start learning a second language before they've fully mastered their first. = Not true. 1. Ideally, everyone should have a second language. 1. German is a gutteral, ugly sounding language. We have all kinds of cultural ideologies regarding other languages. 1. If everyone in the world spoke English then the world would be a simpler, better place. Yet...if you believe that people should speak a second language and it should be English …. The two ideologies do not fit. 1. Most countries in the world today have a single national language. TRUE. There are 6,000 languages in the world and only 195 countries so there are obviously many languages in countries. 1. Most people in the world speak only one language. TRUE. Single language speakers are rare on a global level. 1. People who don't know how to read and write don’t really know their language. We think of someone who is illiterate as 'not smart'. This statement is not true. 1. Some languages are better suited to modernity than others. 1. Texting, slang and the like are ruining English. No...just evolving. 1. There are languages that have no grammar. If it is language, it has a grammar. Yet we still believe that there are languages that have no pattern or even stating that they are not language. Many Native languages were viewed as this by European viewpoints of language. For any language, there has to be a set of rules. You cannot use or learn chaos. If there is no specific way of using it, you could not communicate. All dialects also have a grammar and a specific set of rules. Because they are different than the standard language does not mean that they are wrong but that they are different. Language ideoology - wha
More Less

Related notes for Anthropology 2245F/G

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.