Biochemistry 2280A Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Animal Husbandry, Synthetic Biology, Water Security

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The techniques which recombine dna fragments from different sources into new molecules with unique features (also called: genetic engineering) Engineering of biological systems, with the goal of carrying out novel functions of performing existing functions more efficiently. Uses sample principles of r-dna, but is slightly different. Humans have been doing it for 1000s of years through classical genetic selection. Slow: limited by the breeding time of the organism and chance genetics envent. Exchange of genetic material is limited to breeding species. Rdt is very rapid, and unlimited by species. Key tool to understand cell and molecular structure/function. Any drug that is reliant on proteins. Detect pathogens and disease causing genes through their dna signatures. Many disease result from a defective gene. We can add back functional genes to cure disease. Get dna into right places in different organism (humans) Production of novel molecules in plants (new crops!) Bioremediation - use of microbes to clean up contaminated soil and groundwater.

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