Organelle type Function
Nucleus Contains the cell's DNA (genetic information) in the form of genes
Rough Endoplasmic Consists of many interconnected membranous sacs called cisternae, onto whose
Reticulum (RER) external surface ribosomes are attached.
Ribosomes - Produce polypeptides
Smooth Endoplasmic Consists of many interconnected membranous sacs called cisternae (without
Reticulum (SER) ribosomes).
Golgi Apparatus The Golgi apparatus modifies, sorts and packages macromolecules for delivery
to other organelles or secretion from the cell via exocytosis
Mitochondria production of energy by synthesis of ATP
Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis within plant cells.
Flagella To move
Pyrenoid centers of carbon dioxide fixation within the chloroplasts
Eyespot a photoreceptive organelle. Outer membrane of chloroplast. Can swim has
flagella. Move to light region to get Energy.
2. Evolution of Complexity
Latin, complexus: 2 or more of simpler stuff come together and get more complex
Genome has nothing to do with complexity
PCG (Protein Coding Gene