Conservation biology: the scientific discipline focused on understanding the factors, forces and processes that influence the loss, protection and restoration of biological diversity. In situ in the natural habitat (ex. in the wild . Species status designation occurs at different jurisdictional levels, by different bodies: Iucn is more concerned with a species being extinct globally: national cosewic. Producing lists of threatened species ( red lists ) since 1960s. Iucn read list of threatened species: world"s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species: focusing on global risk of a species going extinct. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category: data deficient (dd) not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction, not evaluated (ne) has not yet been evaluated against the criteria. Iucn species status criteria: rate of decline.