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Evolution Notes

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Biology 3466B
Yolanda Morbey

Evolution NotesNov 2011 Origin mythology There are thousands of different origin myths and there is one myth for physical and biological realms Believes there is common descent of humans and animals It invokes a designer teleological which is some entity that created humans and animals The material world has a designer and serves a purpose Philosophy One explanation for physical and biological origins Has materialisticnaturalistic concepts focus on material world not spiritual world and there is an emphasis on chance believed chance explained origin of world humans and animals ChanceThere are certain solid and indivisible particles carried along by their own impulse and weight and that the universe is formed from the accidental concourse of those particles Epicureans proposed that it was from minute particles possessing neither colour nor any kind of quality nor sensation but coming together by chance and accident Ancient Greek philosophy Plato 424328 BCEIntroduced concept of the ideal form For every entity species that existed there was a perfect form of it outside of this world The form on earth was imperfect Aristotle 384322 BCEIntroduced concept of scala naturae which is a hierarchical order to life from simple up to complex with humans man at the pinnacle top There is no evidence that this order arose from biology just that it existed outside of the material world The dark ages The idea that animals and humans had common ancestry were suppressed and ancient greek texts were destroyed or lost There was the emergence of monotheletic religions one God Fossils were viewed as alternative realities to the true reality that existed Enlightenment Ancient greek texts and ideas were rediscovered Believed in separate origin of physical and biological realm Adoption of materialism not spiritual or supernatural world and empiricism measure of material world occurred Descartes 15961650 and Newton 16431727
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