RNA Types.docx

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5 Apr 2012
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RNA Types
Type
Pairs with
Functions/ Properties
mRNA
Itself, tRNA, rRNA,
DNA, miRNA,
siRNA
Template for proteins, gets
docked with SD Box, can get
inhibited by miRNA
pre mRNA
Itself, DNA, snRNA,
Gets spliced by splicesomes,
contains Introns and Exons
tRNA
Itself, mRNA, rRNA,
DNA
Contains anti-codons, brings AAs
to ribsomes to create proteins
snRNA
Itself, DNA, pre
mRNA
Splices introns/ exons, 'causes'
Alternative splicing
miRNA (nucleus) /
siRNA (viral)
Itself, DNA, mRNA,
Translational control; inhibits
translation and degrade mRNA;
oncomirs
Xist-RNA
DNA, Itself
Tightens X chromosome by
methylation and actelyation
rRNA
Itself, mRNA, DNA,
'SD Box'
Prokaryotes: binds to SD Box;
creates Ribosomes
Eukaryotes: binds to 5' cap;
creates ribosomes
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