November 19, 2012 -The Spartans were then trapped on
ThePeloponnesianWar -They captured the Spartan soldiers
alive and brought them back;
-Athens just had to defend its own
possessions. Spartans surrendering was unheard
-Athens was also much richer, from of.
taxing all these communities. -Spartans finally called for peace.
-It wasn’t clear how loyal Athen’s －They changed the tactic and
allies were to them. started intimidating and persuading
Athenian allies, who wanted to leave
-Sparta’s allies were clearly united.
WarStrategy -Athens panicked, scared to loose all
-Gathered everyone from the Spartan their allies, agreed to the Spartans
farms. -So 10 years of war = nothing
-In a week they walked into Athens, happened.
and surprisingly the Athenians didn’t
come out. -Many Spartan allies were so upset
-All the Athenians withdrawn into and refused to sign the peace treaty.
the cities. -It lasted from 16 years.
-Some of the Athenians were angry Truce
but the orders were told to stay in
the city, where high walls were built. -Alcibiades was a Athenians.
-Spartans stayed and chilled a bit -The nephew of a Athenian leader,
and went back to their crops. so he came from a very prestigious
-Second year the same family.
-Charismatic and hansom and loud.
happened. -Persuaded Athens to seduce some
-They stayed with the plans even
though there was a plague across of the Spartan alliance.
Greece, especially serious in Athen -He pushed Athenians to force the
because it was packed with ppl. island of Milos to join the Athenians.
-While there was a war, some of the -Milos was neutral about this and
was in the middle of nowhere. This
Athenian allies revolted, and it was was a black mark on the Athenian
-Athenians voted on what should reputation.
happen to the traitors and decided -Insisted on sending a huge naval
to put everyone to death. flee to the island of Syracuse.
-Then they changed their mind, and -It was a complete disaster; they
thought it would be easy to conquer
spared everyone except leaders. and the Athenian flee of 40k was
ArchidamianWar wiped out.
-Pylos was a huge part of Athenian -Alcibiades actually never went to
-All of the penis statues in the polis
-It was where Athenians planned were chopped off one night, and
their counter attack. apparently it was Alcibiades and his
friends. -They got drunk during a -He finally came back but it turns
Symposium and castrated all the out he lied, so no one wanted him so
penis statues in Athens. he retreated back to his own castle.
-Instead of going to Syracuse or to
trial, he ran away to Sparta to be a
military advisor for Spartans. PeloponnesianWar
-Athens was no longer a player in
the Greek world.
SicilianExpedition -Spartans now picked the leaders for
-This was the war of Athenians the Athenians.
getting wiped out in Syracuse. -There were a lot of poverty; the
-Fight in every single ways, even fighting meant all the crops were
nasty tricks. neglected and a lot of people died.
-Any method that allows you to win -Because of so much bribery and
the war was acceptable. intimidation and disagreement that
there were so much civil war within
TheIonianWar the cities.
-Alcibiades told Spartans to build -It destroyed the classical greeks
forts around Athens to continue to where they used to think they were
harass them. classy and confident in art and they
-Use lies, propagandas, offer thought they were better than
freedom to slaves to be spies. barbarians.
-There was a degradation in their -Nobility, honour, etc. were all gone;
value in honour. it was a dramatic shift.
-People were all torn apart and stuff.
-Alcibiades advised Spartans to go
-Persians gave Spartans gold and in
return Spartan agreed to give up SOCRATES,PLATO,ANDARISTOTLE
-They forgot that to free Ionia was Socrates
the sole reason for the persian war.
-Athenians were trying to build a -His mother was a midwife and his
father was a stone cutter.
new flee after it got destroyed in the -He saw himself more as a midwife;
Sicilian expedition. because he’ll never give birth to
-Alcibiades slept with one of the anything, and he assist his students
Spartan queens so he ran away to in his teachings.
-He advised Persians to give Spartan -Eccentric, short, chubby, delightful
just enough gold for the 2 forces to -Devoted himself to philosophy.
keep fighting. -He shut down every single type of
-Alcibiades said: if you let me come philosophy.