Class Notes (837,550)
Canada (510,314)

Archaic Period

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Christopher Brown

Archaic Greece  Trade and colonization  Panhellenic religious festivals proliferated and grew in importance  Prominence of ‘new’ literary forms  Development of artistic expression  Birth of philosophy  Rise of the city-state (polis)  Wars proliferated  Civil unrest o A by-product of the stratification of society o An aristocratic elite is naturally complement by a subordinate poor o Tensions within communities (poor and rich) Rise of the City-states  City-state (polis) is a convenient modern term to describe the most conspicuous political unit of Archaic and Classical Greece: o A central city and its surrounding territory o Ex: Athens, Attica  Example of a polis o Basic state is in fact the polis o Polis is often translated “city”, but typically it means the city and city-state as an ideological concept, not the physical city but the makeup of tradition and character, not just the physical buildings  The ideology, values, government form of the people is what makes up the city o One of the most famous remarks by Aristotle: man (humankind) is a political animal  Human beings by nature involve in politics is not what Aristotle meant: he meant that by nature humans are a creature of the polis, we belong in a political setting. A different type of social organization would not be a natural setting for humanity- the polis is what is natural for us  Polis: central city and its surrounding territory  The arrangement is a natural development of political conditions of the Dark Age o The dark age moved from the mycenean world (which was not a world of politics) and when that unravelled, the communities because autonomous, and from those individual communities larger forms  Idea of the state arose in the archaic world Synoecism (Political Unification)  The basic political elements of early Greek Society o A basileus (“chieftan”)- boss figure o Council of elders o Assembly (of men fighting-age)- recognizes importance of the army  Important to have people fight who had invested interest in the community, so typically sons of land-owning people  More important than everyone is the subset of adult citizen males who fought on behalf of the community, so the assembly defined this o The demos- everyone else  Only the other adult citizen males allowed vote and make decisions  Clan-ties were used to bind together the various group both within the city and in the surrounding region o There are a number of large, wealthy families o Civil war erupts because of disagreements between powerful families o Often families more interested in their own interests than those of the whole community o There were people in city-states throughout the Greek world, and even though they were usually members of the elite, they were prepared to make policies to make the cities work better as a whole and undermine the traditional strength of the family clans and traditional sources of violence and advance the ideology of
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.