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November 25 - Greek Historiography and Macedonia

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
David Lamari

November 25, 2013 Greek Historiography -inquiry into the root causes of events -Logographers: people who write logos/story, storytellers, told stories about foreign peoples in coastal regions, driven to fulfill need that merchants had to know about possible harbors (travel guides) -cultural relativism -Herodotus of Halicarnassus (Ionia), fl. 450-440 (father of history)  Ends up in Athens  Greatest of sociological story teller  Called father of lies by scientists because ‘believing’ all the cultures he talks about  Why Persia attacked Greece and why they lost – investigating facts, inquires take him throughout whole known world  Accepted any and all stories from wherever  More entertainment than history  The Histories: 1. Blindness 2. Pride 3. Destruction  Success leads to blindness: become blind to own dangers and limitations and in turn leads to arrogance/pride, cease to realize might lose place in society, become more and more bind and ultimately leads to their destruction -Thucydides of Athens, c.455-400  History of the Peloponnesian war  Historical methodology: sifting through evidence  Says that eyewitness account only to be trusted, didn’t trust Herodotus because writing later about war. Wants to see facts in writing not verbal, have to have evidence.  Kicked out of Athens spent rest of time talking to people who eye witnessed the war  Scientific accuracy Macedonia -‘ia’ at end of name of important center -north of Greece, sided with Persia, looked down upon by Greeks, there were barbarians, not Greeks -an actual Kingdom governed by one monarch not a polis -insight into flip side of ancient societies (Greeks many small polis VS incorporated) but incorporation drawback leads to in-fighting -rulers fighting with each other leads to instability (only one king died of natural death all usually killed off) -Philip 2: 382-336  Ascends to the throne in 360  Member of royal family, spent most of life in Greece, in the polis Thebes -The Macedonian Army  Phalanx, fighting formation of 256 men, the syntagma  Not fighting side by side (now 16 by 16) -Early Campaigns: 360-346 BC  Illyria  Thrace  Amphipolis  Sacred Wars: invited into Greece, didn’t attack, on panel so a Greek, went into the Olympics, won and got statue of him, tried to mix with Greeks and act Greek -Philip Enters Greece: 346 BC  Diplomacy  Byzantium  Demosthenes; Athenian public speaker, critiqued everything Philip did  Thebes and Athens (338): Athens and Thebes declared war on Philip to drive him out of Greece, Philip totally destroyed both, won in 338  Corinthian League: immediately announced this league to say that all polis under Philip would meet once a year, all would have a say, discuss plans to invade Persia to loot and punish, redirecting attention from himself to Persia  Assassinated 336 -Royal Tombs; Tumulus dates to time of Philip (thought to be built by him)  Doric: simple capitals, triglyphs but not temple and not real pillars and there is a frieze (Ionic) one of two surviving paintings from ancient world  Not very Greek, Macedonian imitation  Painted frieze: naked men (heroi
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