Class Notes (834,991)
Canada (508,850)

Archaic Greece

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Shauna Burke

• beginning of Dark Age - > year 750- find aspects of greek culture flourishing Renaissance (meaning rebirth) - after dark age - phoenician great traders: bringing to Greece some cultural rediscoveries to other parts of world - new alphabet - region:Asia Minor, Greeks called coast: Ionia - pulling Greeks into more civilized state ex. cosmology, mathematics - Greeks brought in my older civilizations - Homer: traditionally fromAsia Minor (or Ionia) Colonization: - rebirth of prosperity ex. grape-sites, population growing (settlements getting larger) - overpopulation- too many people on main Greek portion of world - early archaic periods - ways of colonization: expanding empire, taking over other cultures/land - variety of places around Mediterranean - suitable place found, suitable people told to leave as independent entity - transition toAfrica (coast) 8th century greek society & culture: - Acropolis: seek protection, center of community - people live on farm land - Basileus: leader (limited power-king) - top labourers=basilerers - Pan-Hellinism: (hellen=greeks call themselves this, not Greeks) aspect culture that all greeks partook in - > olympics: festival to which all greeks are invited - > oracle at delphi (inspired byApollo): meet one another, experience other Greek communities Archaic Greece: - polis: institution in which almost all Greeks lived (beginning of DarkAge-Alexander the Great) - time period: 750-223 BC - Greeks thought ‘we live in polis, therefore, we’re free, other people who don’t live in polis are barbaric’ - numerous, small settlements (50 on Crete alone) - clusters of people coming together into larger communities, but then it stops - 5000 citizens (just based on men over 18, not women or kids) - 1 polis (about half the size of London) - not a city, more so farmlands - synoecism: bringing together smaller communities/families, making it into a larger one - invented stories about finding polis (i.e. found by some God) - oligarchy: ruled by small # of people, not 1 individual; elders who provided leadership - not every greek community was a polis - Athens, Sparta were polis - all land inhabited by citizens - physical city vs polis of physical city (associated living w/ larger area) Autonomy of Polis: - bragged about being similar, insisted they were independent (autonomous) - created own laws, culture, customs, not imposed upon themselves by outside power - highest good=showing obedience to laws - each polis=own currency, calendar, festivals, gods/goddesses - no federations to dominate rest of Greeks - had to be of own creating, refused to water down own customs by merging w/ other polis - no open immigration - expected to devote energy + participate in own polis - idiot: person who doesn’t take place in public affairs + contribute to polis - man is a political man: can live in dictatorship, but not being fully human Wealth & War: - hoplites- individual soldiers, fight in formation known as phalanx - side by side, shields overlapping - allowed citizens to have a community - no person is allowed to become dominant “too large” Tyrants: - somebody who achieved & held power in an unconventional way - choose elder, ‘we will put you into power’purpose of addressing problems suffering from - common problem: debt, take out loans, unable to pay them, interest rates=high, asked for relief - modern politician - meant to be reformer - reputations as thugs - enforce rules ruthlessly, seek to hold onto power
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.