Classical Studies 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Minos, Dorian Invasion, Poetic Justice

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Bronze age greece: crete: remains at knossos, civilization minoan 3600-1000 bc, palaces: 1580-1120, tradition: dorian invasion (thought to be responsible for collapse of mycenaean civilization, mycenaean civilization: lasted 150 years after palace collapse, caused dark age. Homer & history: influence on society (present & future) ex. Asia minor after collapse: language- various dialects (ionic, aeolic, arcadian, formulae: short phrases/ longer passages; repeated within poem, purposely developed for poetic recitation, never spoken language. Iliad: aristocratic values proved on battlefield, charma- eagerness for battle, joy in the fight, 9th year of siege of troy, quarrel w/ agamemnon. Odysseus + extols virtue of penelope life b/w parent/child + husband/wife. Homeric ideals: civilized social living: homeric civilization: inhabitants know of war only from song, no agriculture, no respect for law/equity, each individual makes own rules, moral excellence- compassion towards odysseus, in disguise, by penelope, telemachus + The greek love of beauty and homer"s style: beauty expressed in reactions of: (examples)

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