Classical Studies 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Capitoline Hill, Terracina, Tullus Hostilius

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JANUARY 5 2016 LECTURE
THE ORIGINS OF ROME
Roman Eras
Timeline (see appendix three)
o753-509 BC: Regal Period (King)
o509-27 BC: Republican Period (Public)
No longer controlled by kings
o27 BC-AD 476: Imperial Period (Emperor)
The Roman Empire
509-338 338-290
290-241 241-190
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JANUARY 5 2016 LECTURE
1 BC
Foundation Legends
Part One: Aeneas arrives in Italy (circa 1200 BC)
oHero from the Trojan war
Was written about in Homer poems
Romans would say that this Trojan was prophesied to found a second
Troy
This second Troy considered to be Rome
oThis is where Troy rose again
oRome was a primitive city until this occurred
oThis story comes very late in Roman history
Part Two: The Story of Romulus and Remus
oThe Capitoline Wolf
oThe Roman Suckling Wolf on a coin circa 280-260 BC
oRomulus & Remus: early 2nd century AD Marble Altar from Ostia
oWhen Romulus became king, he offered open immigration
All of the people that responded were men
They held a festival and abducted the women
Rape of the Sabine Women
oThe entire story, of course, is a myth
Italy
Amazing starting place for culture
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