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Lecture

Classical Mythology Class 2.docx

8 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
Classical Studies 2200
Professor
Kendall Sharp

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Description
Classical Mythology Class 2: Wed Sept 12 9/24/2012 9:34:00 AM Exam 1: Mon Nov 5 Ppl in science background doing Arts and Humanities course might not know how to read the question… What is subordinate to what.. What is superordinate to what… The Oddyssey  There is a profusion of proper names o (like in Russian novels, there are 2 versions of a Russians nickname.. just like in Ancient Greek material it’s the case…  Odysseus: main character. Telemachus, Penelope o Observe Gods and relation to Odysseus  Athena, Poseidon, Zeus are introduced early You can judge importance by the frequency of proper names Book1/2: There is a guy named Mentise (spelling). (possible Exam question or something?) (plays at around 13mins in) Example: Because this course happens to be about myth, plot/storyline is important to the myth being read…But on exam you cant get caught short for not mastering 100% of detail. BUT… Exam 1 wont be trying to screw you over.. But be weary of what words are important… Most important slide about to show: 3 pronged approach to myth 1. What is a myth: story or story elements… 2. it has to be passed on traditionally from generation to generation without a set text…has to be without an original author (no Greek myths have authors)..There are only variants (variations) or versions 3. while its being passed along, orally, it is subject to group control.. a window into what it is to be human at all. The myth gets shaped as it passes from version to version… shaped in these secretive ways that we cant observe by a group (community) from where the myth is being passed. Myth and Religion…in the Greek case there is no myth that does not have a religious aspect…however, there was a whole lot of Greek religion that does not have to do with myth. Diff b/t myth and religion… Greek religion had a whole lot of ritual not necessarily tied to myth.. but also did have a lot of ritual tied to myth.. All Greek myths have something to do with Gods...which is why it is considered religious.. but for Ancient Greeks as opposed to contemporary western society…but for Greeks religion always went on...Like Zeus was making the weather for e.g. all the time. Everything that you read in this course (anything that’s a myth) ir really just a version of the myth. Myths DON’T have authors! But sources DO have authors (sources are versions) Myth is subject to group control…(the group controls myth, but not consciously) … One of the ways community controls myth ..in the Greek case is that for the Greeks..myth was never the focal activity… the version of the myth was only told for a specific purpose: e.g. for religious rituals/ceremonies …the myth is not the point, not the focal activity..it rides on top.. th The Greeks in the 5 century wrote , performed, and watched plays we call “Tragedies and Comedies”.. Greeks invented tragedies… These plays were watched by everyone in the city… the point was not “hey we need to tell this or that myth” … the point was the festival and traditions that went along with them… the focal point was putting on the activity. Greeks didn’t have print/photogroaphy.. so if you wanted images.. must be painting on a vase.. pottery…the middle class could form very artistic vases that always had mythical background to them… The focal activity is using the vase, not saying “I need this or that on the vase” Another source is sculpture  Perhaps a statue needing to be put up in cemetery, or church, etc. Myth is not LEGEND or FOLKTALE One main thing about Greek myth… mortals play a big role (in roughly half of the myths).. so Gods and mortals/men. They aren’t everyday mortals. They are from so far in the past.. cuz in oral tradition society preserves that level of knowledge..  The Greeks called this very far in past person a “Hero”. o It didn’t mean a hero as we might think, but rather the point that makes them heroic is that after they die their tomb exerts power.  Example: You can be divine but not a god. Levels of divinity among the Greek  You can be a dimond, niad (female spirit of the sea)/nymph (female spirit of the trees/forest)  Zeus is the nature god (the boss)  Athena is his guard (she has no mother)  Apollo (in Oedipus in very beginning) (in real life Apollo is God of Delphi…a prophet would ask someone’s question to Apoll
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