History of the Fourth Century BCE

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Document Summary

The period following the peloponnesian war was a time of transition and crisis. Many of the central poleis were in a precarious position. War had undermined commerce by land and sea and along with the plague at athens had dramatically reduced the population of citizen males. Some cities had been eradicated and greece was ready to fall. The connecting link between the balkans and the greek peninsula. Inconsequential in the 5th century, although there are signs of cultural interests in the macedonian court (euripides died visiting king archelaus) Defeat of thebes in 338 bc made macedon the master of the greek world. Expanded macedonian control to the east by subjugating the former persian empire. Became the monarch of most of the known world.

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