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Roman Art and Architecture

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2200
Christopher Brown

Feb 10 12 Roman Art and ArchitectureVery interested in both public and private art but also interested in very public statements Colossal statue of Constantine As in the Greek world art can be broadly divided into public and private Private art was decorative and intended for personal use and public art was also decorative but regularly with a commemorative and sometimes symbolic function reflects the ideology of the people who set it up Private patronage of artists played a more prominent role in Rome than in Greece because there were lots of elite Romans with a lot of money who wanted to make their own kinds of personal statements and Roman ideas about art and artistic styles were influenced by numerous cultures Spoils brought back from foreign campaigns and many Greek artists migrated to Rome and by the 1st century BC there were the first European art galleries where the Romans were more interested than the Greeks in commemorating historical events in public and private art The Greeks like lists and the Romans likes big monumental statementsA Note on Sources Ancient works of art have been discovered from all points of the Roman Empire from archaeological digs and the black market in antiquities but the problem is we dont know where they came from their find spot Of particular importance are Pompeii and Herculaneum Pompeii and Herculaneum Destroyed by the eruption of Mt Vesuvius in AD 79 We have an eyewitness account in a letter written by Pliny the Younger and his uncle Pliny the Elder died trying to rescue people Very important for our understanding of ancient art and domestic lifeRoman Minor Arts and Crafts Jewellery cameos lamps pottery etcGemstone from a Ring Intricate Symbols of the zodiac around the side In the middle representation of Sol the sunGold Ring Two serpents heads Gemstones may have originally have been embedded in the eyesMedallion Possibly the head of Aphrodite Venus in Latin May be a professional association not impossible that worship of Aphrodite associated with courtesansSmall Cameo Portrait not sure of who Dated to the Flavian period based on quality of work and hairdo Optical Illusion DeviseAs you look at it it shifts to what it actually is This one is it two or three facesJet Pendent from England Portrait of a couple
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