Class Notes (835,759)
Canada (509,376)
Aara Suksi (154)
Lecture

classics oct.4.docx

11 Pages
118 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
Classical Studies 2200
Professor
Aara Suksi
Semester
Fall

Description
October 4, 2010 Creation and Evolution of the Universe Hesiods Theogony Boetia ancient city Theogony - theo (god) + gone = birth of the gods - comogony = birth of the world order o creation of the world - divind dynastic succession - elaborate hymn to zeus o how zeus comes into power and how he establishes himself as the everlasting ruler - oral epic tradition - near eastern influence o eg: enuma elish/eic of creation - genealogy of the Gods - how the world/was passed down through the different generations of Gods - epics were passed down as songs The Ancient Greek Idea of the Universe (p.63) - Believed the world to be flat - tartarus = the worst part of the underworld o underworld of the Greeks = for everyone; good + bad Features of the Breek Oral Epic Tradition - dactylic hexameter - repetition o allows composer to stress on a certain fact + lead up to next point - formulae and epithets o characters have specific adjectives describing the characters eg. Zeus = thunder gatherer o formulae = set words / phases that can be used in a number of situations o building block to keep he narrative going - ring composition o beating around the bush o takes you back to the point o another way for the poet to think up about what to write about next in the story - catalogues o display the poets ability to remember o using all /many names of useless ppl to describe something - invocation of Muses of other god o getting the stories from a divine source o Gods have inspired the poet > not just making it up Muses Zeus + Mnemosyne (Memory a titan ) = 9 muses - signified that memory = very important in oral tradition - they usually dance around the alter of Zeus in his honor - muses lived on Mt. Helikon where there is a sacred spring Gustave Moreau > Hesiod and the Muses - Hesiod is given a crown - Hesiods encounter with the Muses = gives credibility to the story - Gets the word music from muse - Their role is to inspire poets + kings + etc - Muses perform dances on Mt. Olympus to entertain the Gods - Hesiod claims that the muses taught him speech o Inspire = breath into someone o Breathed inspiration to Hesiod through a reed - Starts out with the Muses saying that they tell great lies + truths > doesnt mean the poem is true or is it? - Cronion = son of Cronus - Muses bless the Kings the power of good speech (counsel, speeches, etc) - How everything comes from Zeus The Beginning - first only chaos (absolute nothingness) - then gaia, tartaros, eros (desire) o the 4 = primary beings o eros = divine cosmic principle that sets everything in motion (has everyone mating with everyone) - gaia = ouranos (sky, heaven), mountains, sea by asexual reproduction o gaias body = earth - mating w. ouranos = 12 titans, 3 cyclopes, 4 hundred handed ones - ouranos does not allow them to be born o he feared + loathed his children The Second Generation (Titans) - Gaia makes a sickle (from her own body) > used in an agricultural implement - Gives it her last born Kronos (the youngest) for him to castrates and overthrows his father Ouranos o Resulting in Kronos = Kind of the titans - From Ouranos blood and genitals = furies, giants, Aphrodite o Furies = goddesses who avenge crimes against someone in the family o Genitals themselves + sea foam of the ocean = Aphrodite (born of the sea foam ) > born near island of Cyprus (cyprians = epithets = adjectives commonly used to the goddess) > closely tied to Eros > powers of sex + love + flirtation = deceit The Third Generation- Kronos + sister Rheia mate = Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus - Kronos swallows them (so that none of his kids will overthrow him) o Saturn Latin name/Roman name = Kronos - Rheia tricks Kronos and hides baby Zeus in a cave on Crete (usually where magical things happen) o W. help of her mother Gaia - Gives Kronos a stone in swaddling clothes - Zeus grows up + overthrows his father > tricking him into vomiting up his siblings o W. help of wood nymphs - The stone (omphalos) is placed at Pytho (Delphi) o Delphi thought to be the center of the Earth (where the two eagles land) o Omphalos = naval of the world - Hestia = first + last born Zeus Establishes his Rule - fights many large battles + coming out as victor - frees Cyclopes + hundred handed ones (imprisoned by Ouranos) o gain allies - Cyclopes give Zeus lightning bolts - Punishment of Prometheus and eventual glorification of Herakles - Titanomachy (Battle of the Titans)
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2200

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit