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AGKnsA - Ch.7.docx

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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2300
David Lamari

Chapter 7- The Money Games at Epidauros, Athens, Larissa, and Sparta Lesser games after the Stephanitic Games fell into two basic categories - those sponsored by a sanctuary or sponsored by a city-  state o Both were chrematitic (difference in prizes of victory - winner's prize was either cash or something that could be converted into cash) o Hundreds of chrematitic festivals scattered throughout Greek world - relative fame of festival depended on value of prizes o Games sponsored by religious sanctuaries most resembled stephanitic games, but offered valuable prizes  The Asklepeia o Sponsored by the Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidauros  Epidauros located in Peloponnesos  Asklepios closely associate with father, Apollo, but was a hero-god of healing, and dominated Epidauros  Sanctuary constructed during 4th century BC o Opposite the sanctuary stood Temple of Asklepios, where the sick went to spend the night while being cured o Women allowed in the sanctuary  Don't know whether women were allowed to take part in festival or procession from city-state to sanctuary before the Asklepeian Games o Procession included sacrifical animals o Festival took place 9 days after Ishtmian Games (late April or early May) o Important competitions were the gymnikos agon and mousikos agon (took place n theatre)  No evidence of hippikos agon  Program in gymnikos agon not fully known, have evidence of stadion race, pankration, and pentathlon  See a typical stadium of its time, similar to Olympia and Nemea - with seating for spectators on earth embankments, entrance tunnel for athletes and judges, and a locker room for competitiors where spectators were not welcome  From this, undersyand that by 300, a standard type of athletic facility had been developed for religious festival centres The Panathenaia  o Games with money prizes held in every city-state in Greece o Panathenaic amphoras supply so much primary evidence concerning these competitions o Originally, these games held annually and only open to Athenians, but by 566, games took place every 4 years by competitions open to all Greeks  These quadrennial games known as Greater Panathenaia and included gymnikos agon, hippikos agon, and mousikos agon  Lesser Panathenaia was held annually o Greater Panathenaia  Prizes distinguished musical competitions from stephanitic games - took the form of cash, and also included prizes for 2nd. 3rd, 4th, and 5th  Total value of prizes in mousikos agon was several million dollars  Only running event in gymnikos agon was the stadion, but had pentathlon, wrestling, boxing, and pankration for all 3 age categories  Each victor received a number of amphoras filled with oil Amphoras alwways decorated with image of Athena on one side   Other side depicts competition for which the amphora was the prize  Capacity remained stable at about 38.9 L  Only 2 events of hippikos agon preserved on stele's inscription - 2-horse chariot race for full grown horses, and same race for foals  Sure that full schedule of equestrian events took place though because they appear on Panathenaic amphoras  Another difference between stephanitic and chrematitic games - stephanitic games gave equal prizes, while in chrematitic games, had a system that awarded prizes on a scale of evaluated victories  Group of ten athlothetai (prize producers) were selected by lot, one from each tribe in Athens  Each man held office for 4 years, responsible for organization of the games, making vases, gathering oil, presenting prizes  Oil itself collected during 4 year period between festivals and stored directly into amphoras  Dates on amphoras refer to year oil was gathered, not the year of the games themselves  Sites of competitions stretched from centre of city (where mousikos agon was held) to plain near Bay of Phaleron (where hippikos agon was held)  Gymnikos agon originally held in Archaic north of Akropolis, but construction of new stadium in 330 east of Akropolis provided new venue  This stadium sheathed in marble by rich dude, destroyed in medieval times, replaced for celebration of first modern Olympics in 1896  This reconstruction makes details of structure in 330 BC difficult to recover  Athenian stadium,like Olympia and stuff, consisted of track surrounded by earth embankments for spectators, vaulted underground entrance for athletes, and locker room near tunnel o Lesser Panathenaia  Athens hosted an annual athletic festival for its citizens and citizens to be; it's also called 'civic' competitions Prizes significantly smaller than Greater Panathenaia, several victors are not individuals, but groups of dancers or  a tribal team, and competitions all had a military slant  Horseback and 2-horse chariot races were same as Greater Panathenaia  Competition for akon thrower from hroseback depicted on amphora  Winner d
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