Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Lecture 15

Lecture 15 - Festivals and Celebrations.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2300
David Lamari

Festivals and Celebrations  We have nothing like these festivals  Hard to convey what they were like  Citizens getting together to enjoy themselves Philip II  Non-Greek from the Hellenistic Era  Outsider  Different attitude from his son, Alexander  His use of the Olympics (by entering the Olympics) incorporated his annual readings  His careful attention to the athletics in Greek society marked him as being a very candid individual  He use the games for his political advantage  Alexander didn’t have an enthusiasm for athletics  Philip made sure to insert himself into Greek athletics for his own purposes Modern Painting:  Roman spectacle of domination  This suit of armour was wore by gladiators  No respectable Roman would say this is a real image of gladiatorial combat  Doesn’t capture the Roman attitude toward gladiatorial combat  Virgins sat in front row Hollywood Pictures:  Depicted by Hollywood  These festivals for the Romans, like the Greeks, were an opportunity for the community to come together  Romans took these days off  For many of these days, public officials were not allowed to wear their public uniforms o There were no public buildings open  Ten day festival – games, ceremonies, entertainment – to pay respect to their ancestors o Why this is being held there is a three-day festival – wolf festival – men would go around naked with wolf clothes on and whip people for luck  Women would hold out their hands to be whipped – said to help you conceive a child  Festivals kept increasing – they keep adding new holidays and festivals to honour people (ex. Jesus) Early Festivals  Had to do with ensuring productivity with child, crops, baby animals, etc.  Collecting the food (harvest)  If you have done anything to corrupt yourself or your land – have a ritual to purify it o Whip the ground to purify it o All were symbolic gestures  All of these were done to keep the community clean – ensure crops are clean, the community is healthy, etc.  Textbook describes a festival involved in keeping your crops and livestock pure of pests o Take foxes, tie their tails together, set them on fire, and let them go  Foxes were considered pests  1 games: Consualia (chariot races for Neptune) o When the Romans took over Greece, so much of the Greek culture transformed Roman culture, so much of early Roman culture is lost o We don’t know much about Consus – anything being celebrated is in honour of Neptune o Original God was lost  Ludi Romani (for Zeus) o Most famous Roman games – in honour of Greek god Zeus (Romans called him Jupiter) o Founded in the year the Romans kicked out their last king Forum and Circus Maximus  There were no permanent buildings set aside specifically for entertainment  Textbook says: there were no theatres in Rome because the Romans were suspicious of theatre itself o Prof thinks this is wrong  They don’t have public buildings for gladiators or anything else  Therefore, when they held any kind of spectacle, for most of the Roman Republic, they would either hold it in downtown Rome (turned a road into a pedestrian area, it was out in the open) or in the valley called the Circus Maximus o Usually in the road – had to stand and crane your neck to see o Only standing room o Occasionally they would build wooden bleachers but they would tear them down immediately after the festivals  At the very end of the republic, a Roman begins to bend the rules a bit and you get the first public theatre  Once Augustus emperor takes over you see many public buildings o But before this the games were always in the open for two reasons:  Roman authorities were suspicious of the lower classes  Afraid of mob binds  Afraid of a group of people in a small area ‘whipping each other up’  All public buildings were built or funded by private citizens and upper class  Romans didn’t want one particular fellow or aristocrat to get the credit for the construction for the building o Didn’t want too much glory to go to that individual  Rome didn’t have a very good mechanism for dealing with infrastructure  They didn’t have a large enough government to say that all games and construction will be done by the government o Sort of a grid lock in Rome – on one hand government is very small and its therefore limited to what it can do o Suspicious of private individuals to take it upon themselves to provide these things for the people – because they would get great public recognition Roman Theatre  Plays get performed in Rome, but they aren’t Greek-style plays (comedy and tragedy) rather they are thanking the gods (some interaction with the Gods)  Romans vowed to the Gods that they would honour them with a festival if they took the pandemic away and they honoured their vows Votive Festivals  Votive – making a vow or discharging a vow  Either begging the gods or paying them back once they answer you  Being in the third century and continue through second  Festivals were for saving Rome from a flood, good harvest, etc. = more entertainment o They had to honour their promise for the festivals  The Romans early on set about creating an empire – they want to aggressively expa
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2300

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.