Lecture 4 - Athenian Government and Law

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2301A/B
Randall Pogorzelski

Lecture 4Athenian Government and Law y Government o 9 annually elected archons or archontes o 1Basileus king in charge of religious matters o 2Polemarchos war leader o 3Eponymous achon year named after himIn charge of secular life o 4Six thesmothetai judicialImpose order o Former member of this board of archons served for the rest of their lives on the council of AreopagusNamed after AriesBecomes advisors of the next ArchonsVery old institutionParalleled by another council who decided what would be presented to the Assembly o Murder trials took place in front of the AreopagusWhere Orestes had is trial in the OresteiaUses myth to tell the beginning the Athenian Law y Important Events in Athenian Law o 621620 BCEDraco writes the first Athenian law codeFirst written lawsVery harsh laws punishment for even minor laws was
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