Lecture 4, Part 2- Athenian Government and Law

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2301A/B
Randall Pogorzelski

Lecture 4Athenian Government and Law Part 2 y Solon set up a court system called the eliaia using a pool of six thousand jurors chosen from volunteer male citizens over 30 years old o In some extreme cases people were tried in front of the entire assembly y Procedures o Every legal action was a dike plural dikaiOften translated as justice o Private cases were dikai idiai public cases were dikai demosiai o In common usage private cases were called dikai and public ones called graphai singular grapheMost common sort of public action was an action that required the charge to be submitted in writingPrivate cases involved single individuals to bring action you had to be the victim y Compensated financiallyPublic action involved harm to the state as a whole any adult male could initiate public action y State is financially compensated portion goes to the prosecutor y Prosecutor has to get at least 15 of the jury to vote in favour or he has
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